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According to the UN, sustainable development is what meets the needs of the present, without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs, ensuring a balance between economic growth, care for the environment and social well-being.

#sustainability thus serves as an alternative to guarantee the survival of the planet's natural resources, while allowing human beings and societies to develop ecological solutions.

There are several concepts related to sustainability, which include the words "sustainable" or "sustainable". The difference between the two terms is that "sustainable" indicates that there is a possibility of support, while the term "sustained" expresses that this support has already been achieved.

A sustainable world must be supported by its three pillars of development, which are inseparable:

🔴  Environmental Sustainability
Ecological integrity is maintained, all of Earth's environmental systems are kept in balance while the natural resources they contain are consumed by humans at a rate at which they are able to regenerate.

🔴 Economic Sustainability
Human communities around the world are able to maintain their independence and have access to the resources they need, financial and otherwise, to meet their needs.
Economic systems are intact and activities are available to all as secure sources of livelihood.

Social Sustainability
Universal human rights and basic needs are achievable by all people, who have access to sufficient resources to keep their families and communities healthy and safe.
These communities have leaders who ensure that personal, work and cultural rights are respected and that all people are protected from discrimination.

These three pillars must necessarily be incorporated into the strategies of both governments and companies, integrating them into their daily management.

There is a significant set of tools to deal with this issue, which will also depend on the type of business and the defined strategy. The most commonly used, just to name a few, are the European Green Deal , the SDGs , Stakeholder Engagement , ESG Risk and Opportunity Analysis , Process Review , Circular Economy , Carbon Footprint or Sustainable Procurement .
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